Moxibustion was developed gradually as early as the discovery and use of fire. At first, primitive man found that warming themselves by fire relieved or stopped 'cold' pain in parts of the body. This evolved into using methods of burnt hot stone or sand wrapped in animal skin or bark to treat diseases with local hot compression.
Based on this, people gradually perfected the technique, using ignited branches or bundles of hay to warm the diseased part of the body. This is the most primitive form of moxibustion. Gradually, leaves from the moxa plant were chosen as the most effective moxibustion material.
The science of acupuncture and moxibustion sustained an uninterrupted course of development. From the Eastern Han dynasty to the Three Kingdoms, the science of acupuncture and moxibustion developed further. Hua Tuo, the famous Chinese physician during that period, could select only one or two points in acupuncture treatments. He paid much attention to the propagation of needling sensation. He was ascribed to the authorship of Canon of Moxibustion and Acupuncture Preserved in Pillow.